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Südamerika24.com to get so much tips and useful Information about the countries and cities in South America.In addition to general information about South America and cities in South America is available on Südamerika24.com many useful tips to Entry requirements of countries in South America, attractions in South America, the nightlife in South America, Hotels and B & Bs South America, news of South America, and much more.

Tourism and Travel, La Paz, Bolivia holiday, the highest seat of government playground of the world and millions of Indians, colonial buildings in incredible mountain scenery, trips to Lake Titicaca and boat tour to the
Sun Island, we speak of a floating island in the lake, excellent accommodation in Chopacabana, *****- Hotels and unique service. Machu Pichu in Peru, multi-day tours local guides to the ancient Inca ruins in the middle of the Andes,
Visit to Cusco and Lima, where the cultural life of quakes. Trip to Galapagos Islands, 1,000 km off the coast of Ecuador, unique Biodiversity and biodiversity, Dawin-finches and Galapagos -
Turtles. The two countries meet between Brazil and Argentina to the waterfalls of Iguazu, by jeep to Patagonia and the
Ship to the Easter Islands, crickets in the Atacama desert and bathing in Port of Spain, Trinidad.

Eagle in the National Park

Eagle in the National Park

Port in Argentina

Port in Argentina

Bolivia

Bolivia

Bonaire

Bonaire

South America is the southern part of the Americas and covers an area of ??17.843 million km ² and a population of nearly 400 million people the fourth largest continent on earth.

Beach in Brazil

Beach in Brazil

Bay in Aruba

Bay in Aruba

Chile

Chile

Curacao

Curacao

The South American continent can be divided into three main regions:
* The Andes mountains than on the west side of the continent
* Three river valleys east of the Andes
* Three highlands east of the Andes


On the west coast to the Andes, the longest overseas mountain range on earth. The high mountains stretches along the Pacific Ocean about 7,500 km from Venezuela to the southern tip of Patagonia along. The highest mountain in the Andes, also the highest mountain in South America and is the highest mountain outside Asia, with 6962 m altitude of Aconcagua. It lies on the border between Argentina and Chile. The deepest point of South America is on the Valdés Peninsula, 40 meters below sea level. As the southernmost point of South America is generally referred to Cape Horn.
The largest current level is the Amazon Basin (Amazonia), an equatorial rain forest lowlands, which is drained by the Amazon with its 10,000 tributaries. He's from the Andes across the continent to the east-flowing Amazon with about 6448 km the longest river in South America and the largest river on earth. North of the Orinoco-level, which is limited to the Amazon basin to the south through the highlands of Guiana and north through the Venezuelan coast mountains. Another current level is in the south of the continent, where the river system of Río Paraguay and Río Paraná in the Pantanal in the north to the south is coming in a subtropical flood plain.
The highlands are the mountains of Guiana, the Brazilian highlands and the mountains Ostpatagonische. The mountains of Guyana is divided into the rain forest mountains Südvenezuelas, the Central Highlands of Guyana and the Eastern Highlands of Guyana, extends between the current level of the Orinoco and the Amazon with a maximum elevation of up to 2,800 m. The Brazilian central highlands of South America dominated central and to the coast of Brazil and the Argentine pampas in the south. The Ostpatagonische mountains rising in the east of the Andes at the southern tip of South America.

Landscape in Ecuador

Landscape in Ecuador

Falkland Island

Falkland Island

French Guiana

French Guiana

Guiana

Guiana

The climate of South America is very complex. Year-round climatic influences of the cold Humboldt Current along the west coast of Peru, the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), the formation of tropical cyclones on the edge of the subtropical high pressure area and the trade winds. The cold Humboldt ocean current causes a cooling of the ocean surface off the coast of Peru and northern Chile, which leads to the formation of coastal deserts. This phenomenon is based on the fact that the cooled air leads to a constant inversion, thus a stable high pressure area that no convection, and thus does not allow precipitation. The implications are vast desert regions on the coasts. The equatorial tropics situation occurred in the southern winter training of Inner Tropical convection over the central Amazon region, leading to heavy precipitation. In summer it is shifting to the south, thus the inner tropics characterized by year-round rainfall. Also in summer, is from a continental heat low, which is very rainy. The southern edge tropics are thus characterized by (southern) summer rainfall. The tropics are the northern edge of Passat dam in the east (year-round high rainfall) and by cool sea water at the coast in the north (very low rainfall) indicated.
Südpassatwinde the lead on the east coast to increased rainfall in the coastal regions, characterized by the formation in the southern summer monsoonal easterly winds and rainfall in the southern winter by back to the coastal regions. The stable high pressure system on the western edge of South America, combined with the cold air masses of the southern polar regions leads to the formation of extra-tropical cyclones off the coast of Western Patagonia. The cyclonic fronts vary in their position in the austral summer and austral winter. The shift to the north in the southern winter rainfall leading to periodic winter in the Deep South of Chile (Chile jungle) and sporadic winter precipitation in the small southern Chile. In return, the shift of the cyclonic fronts in the southern summer (affected by the changed position of the ITCZ) to a pronounced summer drought across southern Chile, other than Patagonia. The cyclonic fronts form on the windward side of the Patagonian Andes Mountains heavy rainfall accumulation, which can be called a hyper-maritime. This dynamic precipitation on the west side lead to the leeward side of the Andes of Patagonia is characterized by dryness.
The Andes themselves have a more climatic division in the vertical dimension. Universally can distinguish five altitude levels: the Tierra Caliente (Hot Earth, up to 1000 m), Tierra Templada (Temperate Earth, up to 2000 m), the Tierra Fria (Cold Earth, up to 3500 m, growing strength and frost line), Tierra Helada (Icy earth, up to 4500 m, snow line) and the Tierra Glacial (glacial soil, to 6000 m, Anökumene).
Furthermore, present in the Andean glaciations. In Peru, the largest inter-tropical glaciations in the world can be found. In Patagonia there is a vast inland ice and end up reaching down to sea level glacier tongue.
An important for Chile's El Niño climate phenomenon, because even though it from its origin is a purely oceanic phenomenon ago to be perceived primarily its climatic consequences. The cold-water streams of South America from crack and it collects water off the South American coast. As climatic episode raises to be taking the normal prevailing stable high pressure situation and there is a reversal of the Walker circulation, with serious effects of heavy rainfall.

South America is part of the Neotropical zoogeographical seen region that includes Central America and West Indies. The South American continent was isolated during most of the Cenozoic of the other continents. At that time, were formed unique mammalian forms, some of which today are characteristic of South America. These include various marsupials, the armadillos, anteaters and sloths. The New World monkeys and guinea pigs relatives also arrived very early (from probably from Africa) and island hopping on the continent and brought forth an abundance of native species. The rest of today's mammalian fauna of the Neotropical region is, however, mostly from groups who migrated in the wake of the great American faunal about 3 million years ago from North America. Back then walked cloven hoofed animals (deer, camels, peccaries), Perissodactyla (tapirs) rabbits, carnivores (cats, dogs, raccoon, bears, small bears), shrews and rodents and squirrels Neuweltmäuse families from North America to South America. In addition, the time came, the mammoths and horses to South America, but disappeared during the Quaternary extinctions at the end of the Pleistocene again. They disappeared, many other large animals, such as the giant sloths, glyptodonts, Toxodonten, Macrauchenia and the saber-toothed cat Smilodon [2]. Was South America to 12,000 years ago a continent of the Giants, so today is the Central American tapir is the largest land mammal on the continent. Jaguars and Spectacled Bears are the largest land predators dar.

City in Colombia

City in Colombia

Beach in Paraguay

Beach in Paraguay

City in Peru

City in Peru

Map south Amerika

Map south Amerika

On 1 January 2010 lived in South America about 390 million people. The population of South America is characterized by mixing of peoples, as indigenous inhabitants were at home there and the ethnic groups who have settled here later. The latter were mostly European immigrants or slaves shipped from Africa here. Thus, the predominant share of the Mestizo, mulatto and the zambos. In Brazil, the Afro-Latin Americans make as descendants of the slaves shipped from Africa a larger proportion of the population. Remnants of the indigenous people live almost exclusively in the Andean highlands and the Amazon. Only in some countries, the indigenous peoples a substantial proportion of the population, in Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

As South America was divided in 1494 between Spain and Portugal, Portuguese spoken in Brazil today in its Brazilian version, while almost all other South American countries, the national language is Spanish. Only in Suriname is Dutch as official language, spoken and Sranan Tongo as a lingua franca, in Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago English and in French Guiana, but this is not an independent state, but a French Overseas Department, French.
Other European languages ??that are common in South America, English (some in Argentina), German (in the south of Brazil and Chile, Argentina, Paraguay and in the German towns of Venezuela) and the Low German Plautdietsch, Italian (in Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Venezuela) and Welsh (in southern Argentina).
In Bolivia are indigenous languages ??- spoken by more than half the population - some with Spanish. Quechua and Aymara are spoken by far the most, followed by the Guaraní spoken in the eastern lowlands. Since 2009, all indigenous languages ??of Bolivia by the Constitution are recognized along with Spanish as official languages. In Peru, Quechua and Aymara languages ??besides Spanish regionally recognized. The spread in the highlands of Ecuador, Quechua related Kichwa (or Quichua) is there though not an official language, however, acknowledged constitutional. Guaraní is an official language alongside Spanish in Paraguay, where it is used by a bilingual majority. Colombia recognizes all indigenous languages ??spoken in the country, as official languages, but these are less than one percent of native speakers. The most widely spoken indigenous language in Chile is Mapudungun (Araucanian) of the Mapuche in Southern Chile, but there are also widespread in northern Chile Aymara and Rapanui on Easter Island

Beach in South Georgia

Beach in South Georgia

Beach in Suriname

Beach in Suriname

Beach in Trinidad

Beach in Trinidad

Beach in Uruguay

Beach in Uruguay

History, Argentina, Peron and Eva Duarte, known as Evita, German immigrants establish a well in Buenos Aires, the pre-Columbian time of the Spanish and Portuguese people forget, argentum = silver, which are hoped the conquerors there, as opposed to el dorado , the gold country, that they suspect in the Andes and ultimately destroy it, flows come from the gold of the Incas to Spain, some vessels are lost, the locals are enslaved and the Christian faith has arrived in South America. Suriname, a Dutch Guyana, has a history as a Dutch province and the only country in South America with this language.

 
 
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